Edorium Journal of

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Original Article
 
Prevalence of comorbidities and quality of life assessment among breast cancer patients at the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital: A descriptive cross-sectional study
Linda Ahenkorah Fondjo1, Osei Owusu-Afriyie2, Ernest Osei-Bonsu2, Emmanuel Amankwaah-Frimpong2, Emmanuel Acheampong1, Emmanuella Batu1, Bright Amankwaah1, Esther Ofosu Mintah3, Naa Okailey Dromo Ammah3
1Department of Molecular Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
2Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana
3Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana

Article ID: 100004C01LF2017
doi:10.5348/C01-2017-4-OA-1

Address correspondence to:
Linda Ahenkorah Fondjo
Department of Molecular Medicine, School of Medical Sciences
College of Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
Kumasi, Ghana

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How to cite this article
Fondjo LA, Owusu-Afriyie O, Osei-Bonsu E, Amankwaah-Frimpong E, Acheampong E, Batu E, Amankwaah B, Mintah EO, Ammah NOD. Prevalence of comorbidities and quality of life assessment among breast cancer patients at the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital: A descriptive cross-sectional study. Edorium J Cancer 2017;3:1–9.


ABSTRACT
Aims: The presence of comorbidities among breast cancer patients affects their proper management and quality of life. This study determined the prevalence of comorbidities and quality of life among breast cancer patients at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Ghana.
Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study among breast cancer patients visiting the Oncology Department of KATH between February 2016 and April 2016. For this study, 370 patients were recruited. Well-structured questionnaires were used to collect information on socio-demographics and comorbidities. For quality of life assessment, the EORTC QLQ-C30 and EORTC QLQ-BR23 questionnaires were used.
Results: Most (81.1%) of the respondents had breast cancer for < 5 years. 34% of the respondents had comorbidities. Respondents with comorbidities had increased BMI (29.3±5.34), weight (72.4±14.9), mean systolic (146±27.6), diastolic (90.6±17.5) blood pressure than those without comorbidities. The average perception of quality of life by participants was 65.87±27.28. Total 241 (65.1%) perceived themselves to have a good quality of life with 13% having a poor quality of life perception.
Conclusion: Comorbidities were present in 34% of patients. Obesity, overweight, diabetes and hypertension were the most prevalent comorbidities. Overall, patients QoL was moderate but symptom scales, score, financial constraints were high.

Keywords: Breast cancer, Comorbidities, Quality of life, Prevalence


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Acknowledgements
We are grateful to the authority, staff and clients of the Oncology Department of Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi Ghana for making the study possible.

Author Contributions:
Linda Ahenkorah Fondjo – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Osei Owusu-Afriyie – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Ernest Osei-Bonsu – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Emmanuel Amankwaah-Frimpong – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Emmanuel Acheampong – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Emmanuella Batu – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Bright Amankwaah – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Esther Ofosu Mintah – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Naa Okailey Dromo Ammah – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Guarantor of submission
The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.
Source of support
None
Conflict of interest
Authors declare no conflict of interest.
Copyright
© 2017 Linda Ahenkorah Fondjo et al. This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author(s) and original publisher are properly credited. Please see the copyright policy on the journal website for more information.




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